Hugely popular English name, comes from the Hebrew word (עָקֵב) [akew] and translates as - "patriarch of the Jewish people (Israel); trace; step, footstep". Arabic form - Yaqub.
Jacob (or James) - also known as Israel, was the third patriarch of the Jewish people, and ancestor of the twelve tribes of Israel, named after ten of his twelve sons, as well as the two sons of his son Joseph.
The name from the list of seventy disciples of Christ in the Eastern Christian tradition. Except the twelve apostles [Andrew brother of the Apostle Peter (the fisherman from Bethsaida, a disciple of John the Baptist), Peter (he is Simon son of John, also called Cephas), John the Evangelist, James son of Zebedee, Philip of Bethsaida, Bartholomew aka Nathaniel, Matthew the tax collector (also Levi Alpheus), Thomas, James the son, Thaddeus son of Alpheus (also known as Jacob or Judah Levi), Simon the Zealot (also Simon the Zealot) and Judas Iscariot (who betrayed Jesus)] Jesus Christ also chosen seventy others: Agabus, Aquila, Amplus, Ananias, Andronicus, Apelles, Apollos, Aristarchus, Aristobulus, Artemas, Archippus, Asyncritus, Achaicus, Barnabas, Gaius, Euodias, Epaphras, Epaphroditus, Epenetus, Erastus, Hermas, Hermes, Zenas, Jason, Justus, Herodion, Carpus, Cleopas, Clement, Quadratus, Crescens, Crispus, Quartus, Linus, Lucius, Luke, Mark, John, Narcissus, Nicanor, Olympas, Onesimus, Onesiphorus, Parmenas, Patrobus, Prochorus, Pudens, Rufus, Silas, Silvan, Simeon, Sosipater, Sosthenes, Stachys, Stephen, Tertius, Timon, Timothy, Titus, Tychicus, Trophimus, Urban, Thaddeus, Philemon, Philip, Philologus, Fortunatus, Dionysus, Simeon Niger.
In the Hebrew Bible he is the son of Isaac and Rebecca, the grandson of Abraham and Sarah and of Bethuel, and the twin brother of Esau. He had twelve sons and several daughters, of whom only one is known by name, by his two wives, Leah and Rachel, and their maidservants, Bilhah and Zilpah. The children were Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, daughter Dinah, Joseph, and Benjamin. Jacob had other daughters, whose names are not mentioned. Before the birth of Benjamin, Jacob is renamed "Israel" by an angel, the name after which the modern nation of Israel is named.