Arabic name (زينب) means - "adornment (Zayn) of the father (Ab)".
Zaynab bint Khuzayma (595 - 626) was one of the thirteen Prophet Muhammad`s wives (Khadija, Sawda, Aisha, Hafsa, Hind (Umm), Zaynab (bint Jahsh), Juwayriyya, Safiyya, Ramla, Maymuna, Mariyah, Rayhana) she was described as "beautiful" and was known for her "compassion and pity" for the poor.
Zaynab was first married to Tufail bin Harith, who either divorced her or died shortly afterward. Zaynab then married her first husband's brother, Ubaydah ibn al-Harith. In 624, her husband died of wounds received in the Battle of Badr, and she began to live in poverty. Ibn Kathir, in his 14th century Sira, referred to Zaynab's first husband as being Husayn bin al-Harith, and her second marriage to Jahsh ibn Riyab, who was killed at the Battle of Uhud.
The following year shortly after his marriage to Hafsa bint Umar, Muhammad approached her with a mahar of either 400 dirhams or 12 ounces of gold, and offered to marry her. There has been debate about how the marriage was proposed, in Ibn Kalbi's al-Isaba, he claimed that Muhammad proposed to her directly - while Ibn Hisham wrote that her uncle, Quobaisa bin Arm al-Hilali had arranged the marriage proposal.
It was said the marriage, which took place during the month of Ramadan, was meant to assure his followers that their deaths in battle would not mean their families would starve and be neglected. She was the first of his wives to comes from outside the Quraysh tribe.
At one point, a poor man came to her house to beg for some flour, and she gave him the last of her own, and went without food that night. Muhammad was moved by her compassion, and told his other wives about it and preached that "if you have faith in Allah... he would provide for your sustenance, even as he doeth for the birds, who leave their nest hungry in the morning, but return full at night".
She died less than two years later, some suggest as little as two months, the only one of Muhammad's wives to die before him, other than his first wife Khadijah. It has been suggested she died during the month of Rabi' al-thani, four years after the Hijra.
She was buried in Jannat al-Baqi, carried into her grave by Muhammad.
Zaynab bint Jahsh - (c.590-641) was one of the thirteen Prophet Muhammad`s wives, the cousin and wife of Muhammad and therefore a Mother of the Believers. She was the wife of Muhammad's adopted son Zayd earlier but Muhammad wanted her as a wife and later married her after a divorce.
Zaynab's father was Jahsh ibn Riyab, an immigrant from the Asad ibn Khuzayma tribe who had settled in Mecca under the protection of the Umayya clan. Her mother was Umama bint Abdulmuttalib, a member of the Hashim clan of the Quraysh tribe and a sister of Muhammad's father. Hence Zaynab and her five siblings were the first cousins of Muhammad.
The name of her first husband is not known, but he had died by 621. At that time Zaynab, who had become a Muslim, was among those who accompanied her brother Abdullah on the Hijra to Medina.
Muhammad expected criticism if he married Zaynab. First, she would be his fifth wife, while other Muslim men were restricted to four. Second, pre-Islamic custom disapproved of marriage between a man and his son's former wife. Arab society would have viewed this union as profoundly wrong; because they considered an adopted son was truly a "son", for a man to marry his adopted son's wife - even if she was divorced - was considered incestuous. Therefore he "hid in his heart" the idea that he might marry her. This internal conflict is mentioned in the Qur'an 33:37:
He married Zaynab as soon as her waiting-period from her divorce was complete, on 27 March 627. Critics have pointed to this Sura as an example of a self-serving revelation that reflected the Propet's desires rather than the will of God.
Thereafter the legal status of adoption was not recognised under Islam. Zayd reverted to being known by his original name of "Zayd ibn Harithah" instead of "Zayd ibn Muhammad".
Zaynab died during the caliphate of Umar bin Khattab in the summer of 641, being the first of Muhammad's widows to die after him. She was 53 years old.