There are multiple origins and meanings for the name Richard:
1. Comes from the Proto-Germanic words (ric) meaning - "power, rule, powerful" + (hard) meaning - "brave, hardy, brave, strong" = "strong ruler"
2. Old English name, meaning - "rich heart; rich and hard".
Richard I (8 September 1157 - 6 April 1199) king of England from 6 July 1189 until his death. He also ruled as Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Count of Nantes, and Overlord of Brittany at various times during the same period.